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英语语法填空提分技巧

河西校区英语组 李淼

2017高考已落下帷幕,纵观今年英语高考真题,难易适中,有区分度。对于安徽考生而言,自16年使用全国卷单选变为语法填空,难度加大不少,但认真总结,还是有规律可循。

  按照考纲所述,提供一篇200词左右的语言材料,留出10个空白,部分空白的后面给出单词的基本形式,要求考生根据上下文填写空白处所需的内容(1个单词)或所提供单词的正确形式。这里需要强调的是,无提示词只能填1个单词;根据所给单词的正确形式填空一般不超过3个单词,但近几年高考多数答案也仅有1个单词,少数由于语法原因,比如现在完成时、被动等结构出现2个单词,三个单词很少遇见。另观察151617年真题均发现,三个空无提示词,7个空给词。

  此外,近两年的语法填空真题长句增多,比如17年全国Ⅰ卷,15年全国Ⅱ卷。但只要掌握一定做题技巧,还是能拿分的。

  下面将从有提示词和无提示词两方面帮大家总结一些tips

  一:无提示词

  1. This trend, which was started by the medical community(医学界)    a method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side effects such as overweight and heart disease-the very thing the medical community was trying to fight. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

  2. As    result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

  3. Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both,        is not good for the health. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

  4. But my connection with pandas goes back       my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s,     I was the first Western TV reporter permitted to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. (16年全国卷Ⅰ)

  5. The nursery team switches him every few days with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed,      other is with mum-she never suspects. (16年全国卷Ⅰ)

keys: 1. as  2. a  3. which  4. towhen  5. the

  无提示词tips: 冠词 (a/an/the

    介词 (by, with, in, about, to, for, at, as… )

    连词 (and/but/or/when/where/how/whether/if/why/what/although/though…)

        关系代词 (that/which/who/whom/whose

  二:有提示词

  名词

  1.This trend, which was started by the medical community(医学界)as a method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side    (effect) such as overweight and heart disease-the very thing the medical community was trying to fight. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

  2. The nursery team switches him every few    ( day). (16年全国卷Ⅰ)

  3. However, be     (care) not to go to extremes. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

4. I'd skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River that are pictured by artists in so many Chinese?       (painting).

(15年全国卷Ⅰ)

  keys: 1. effects  2. days  3. careful  4. paintings

  tips: 若所给词是名词,优先考虑单复数。当然也有可能涉及词性词形的变化。

  动词

  1.Fat and salt are very important parts of a diet. They are required    (process) the food that we eat, to recover from injury and for several other bodily functions. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

  2.When fat and salt    (remove) from food, the food tastes as if missing something. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

  3.Fast food    (be) full of fat and salt; by        (eat) more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

  4.I_____allowto get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. (16年全国卷Ⅰ)

  5.But for tourists like me, pandas are its top  _____(attract). (16年全国卷Ⅰ)

  6.A study of travelers ________(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. (15年全国卷Ⅰ)

  keys: 1.to process 2. are removed  3. is , eating 4. was allowed  5. attraction  6. conducted

  tips:若所给词是动词,首先考虑做谓语还是非谓语(doing doneto do),若做谓语还要考虑语态(主被动),时态。

  此外,动词也有可能考单词变形

  形容词

  1.Even    (bad), the amount of fast food that people eat goes up. (17年全国卷Ⅰ)

  2.Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it _______(regular) arranges quick getaways here for people living  in Shanghai and Hong Kong. (15年全国卷Ⅰ)

  3.If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别)those of_____ (great)and less importance. (16年全国卷Ⅱ)

  4.The title will be ______(official) given to me at a ceremony in London. (16年全国卷Ⅰ)

  5.He made a couple of  ___________(necessary) mistakeswhich caused his failure.

  keys: 1.worse  2. regularly  3.greater  4. officially  5. unnecessary

  tips: 若所给单词是形容词,应优先考虑形容词副词之间的 转变,以及比较级,最高级,相应地少数也涉及到词性的变化。

  代词

  1.I'd been at home in Hong Kong, with ________(it) choking smog. (15年全国卷Ⅰ)

  2.On my recent visit, I helped a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by _____ (it) mother. (16年全国卷Ⅰ)

  3.Since the boys had no TV, they learned to entertain __________they.

  4.Did anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?A woman on the bus shouted, Oh, dear! Its _____(I). (14年全国卷Ⅱ)

  keys: 1. its  2. its  3. themselves 4. me/ mine

  tips: 代词考虑宾格,反身代词,物主代词

  练习:

  (17年全国卷Ⅰ)There has been a recent trend in the food service industry toward lower fat content and less salt. This trend, which was started by the medical community(医学界) 61 a method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side 62 (effect) such as overweight and heart disease-the very thing the medical community was trying to fight.

  Fat and salt are very important parts of a diet. They are required    63    (process) the food that we eat, to recover from injury and for several other bodily functions. When fat and salt     64     (remove) from food, the food tastes as if missing something. As    65    result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing. Even      66    (bad), the amount of fast food that people eat goes up. Fast food     67    (be) full of fat and salt; by    68    (eat) more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet.

  Having enough fat and salt in your meals will reduce the urge to snack(吃点心) between meals and will improve the taste of your food. However, be     69     (care) not to go to extremes. Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both,     70    is not good for the health.

  keys: 61.  62.effects 63.to process 64.are removed 65.a 66.worse 67.is 68.eating 69.careful   70.which

  (17年全国卷Ⅱ) In 1863the first underground passenger railway in the world opened in London.  It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible __61__(crowd) on the roads above as they travelled to and ___62__ the world. It took three years to complete and was built using an interesting method. This included digging up the road, ____63___(lay) the track and then building a strong roof over___64___ top. When all those had been done, the road surface was replaced.

  Steam engines ___65__(use) to pull the carriages and it must have been___66__(fair)unpleasant for the passengers , with all the smoke and noise. However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using___67__ every day.

  Later, engineers ____68___(manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known to the tube. This development was only possible with the ___69___ (introduce) of electric-powered engines and lifts. The central London Railway was one of the most ___70___(success) of these new lines, and was opened in 1900. It had white-painted tunnels and bright red carriages, and proved extremely popular with the public.

  keys: 61. crowds    62. from    63.  laying    64. the    65. were used

  66. fairly      67. it      68. managed   69. introduction    70. successful

(赵建民老师 编校)

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发布时间:2017-11-07 15:23:06
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